Monthly Archives: August 2016

Feds Withdraw Request to Seize Devils Diciples MC Trademark

By David “Double D” Devereaux

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The US Attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan on August 29, 2016, filed a NOTICE DISMISSING DDMC TRADEMARK FROM FIRST FORFEITURE BILL OF PARTICULARS regarding the Devils Diciples MC. The notice says,

“The government hereby provides notice that it is not seeking to forfeit the DDMC Trademark in this criminal proceeding and hereby dismisses it from the First Forfeiture Bill of Particulars.”

Attempts by the federal government to seize the Devils Diciples Motorcycle Club trademark have come to an end. For now. But remaining vigilant and unified is critical when, inevitably, the time comes to oppose the next attempt to destroy motorcycle club culture.

The Government Withdraws Request To Seize Devils Diciples MC Trademark

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Background- Devils Diciples Attorney Contacts the US Attorney Requesting Trademark Seizure To Be Withdrawn

On May 31, 2016, Federal District Judge Robert Cleland decided in a PRELIMINARY ORDER OF FORFEITURE that defendants that had pled guilty could not dispute the forfeiture of the Devils Diciples trademark and logo in related proceedings. This decision seemed to signal the government’s attempt to follow through with the attempt to take the Devils Diciples ability to display their name or logo. Interested parties were given until September 6th to file a response response.

Attorney Fritz Clapp, representing the Devils Diciples collective membership specifically related to trademark forfeiture issues, corresponded with the US Attorney over the obvious legal precedent disqualifying the trademark forfeiture strategy as legally bankrupt and potentially costly. The federal government is attempting to seize property of individuals that have not been found guilty of a crime. This is the same theory that ultimately failed when attempted against the Mongols Motorcycle Club in 2008. The US Attorney responded that they would withdraw the request to forfeit the trademark and have followed through.

Unified The Patch Can Be Saved

Although obvious credit must be given to Mr. Clapp, the almost universal support given to the save the patch movement by the motorcycle club community is a testament to what can be accomplished if unified. Members of the community came across the government’s request at the end of a Notice of Forfeiture in October 2014, almost 2 years after the original indictment. From that point the community rallied and unified, a competent attorney was obtained, and the result is one of the most important victories for motorcycle clubs in recent history.

This is a significant victory. But it is also most likely not the end of government attempts to strike at the heart of motorcycle club culture by denying the ability to freely express association through wearing patches, clothing, and paraphernalia. The motorcycle rights movement must stay the course and continue unifying in preparation for the next frontline battle.

Remember, the Mongols lost their patch and trademark, won their trademark and patch back, and are currently fighting another attempt at trademark seizure under a slightly different theory of indicting the club as an entity.

Conclusions

The implications of patch forfeiture cuts to the core of a motorcycle club’s existence. Motorcycle club patches symbolize loyalty, honor, love and respect to one’s brotherhood. Patches represent the essential expression of this unique association. All motorcycle clubs should consider the results a huge victory. Indeed, every American should be pleased that a US Attorney decided to recognize fundamental 1st Amendment liberties as opposed to trying to destroy them. But remain focused. This was but one battle in a much larger war over the right for motorcycle clubs to exist as they now exist.

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8.6 Million Motorcyclists Vote. Holding the Power To Sway Elections

By David “Double D” Devereaux

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As we approach national elections in November, why is the opinion of the motorcycling community so important? The answer is simple. Motorcyclists represent a massive and powerful voting block with the ability to sway national elections. The vast majority of this demographic are registered and active voters. According to the National Motorcycle Profiling Survey 2015-16 (NMPS), 86% of motorcyclists have voted in a national election within the last 10 years. The American Motorcycle Association estimates that there are 10,000,000 registered motorcyclists in America. That means motorcyclists comprise nearly 7% of the active voting population. Many elections are decided by a smaller margin, including the 2012 presidential election. Elected officials would be wise to take note that issues of discrimination and profiling are among motorcyclists greatest concerns.

86% of Motorcyclists (8.6 Million) Vote

The NMPS shows that the vast majority of motorcyclists are active voters and participate in US elections. According to Creative Research Systems, the NMPS, with 5,000 participants, has a 99% reliability rating and a margin of error of 1.4%. There is a 99% chance that the survey results translate to the entire target population with a 1.4% margin of error. 86% of 10,000,000 registered motorcyclists in America is 8.6 million motorcyclists that are active voters in the United States.

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Motorcyclists Comprise 7% of Active Voters, Enough To Sway Elections

According to The Center for the Study of the American Electorate, 127,000,000 individuals voted in the national elections in 2012. Using the last national election as a benchmark, 8.6 million voters represents almost 7% of the active voting population. And 7% is large enough to impact the outcome of many national elections.

Consider the last race for President. Obama received about 5 million more votes than Romney. Motorcyclists could cover that difference with 3.5 million votes to spare.

In addition to the presidential race, a total of 469 seats in the U.S. Congress (34 Senate seats and all 435 House seats) are up for election on November 8, 2016. A total of 1,210 (61.4%) of the country’s 1,972 state senate seats and 4,710 (87.0%) of the country’s 5,411 state house seats are up for a vote as well. Altogether, 5,920 (80.2%) of the country’s 7,383 state legislative seats are up for election during the presidential election year.

Motorcyclists can have a dramatic impact on the upcoming election. And elected officials can help secure the motorcycle vote by listening and responding to the legislative demands of the community.

What Issues Do Motorcyclists Care About?

Aside from traditional issues like safety and helmet choice, the NMPS 2015-16 suggests that most motorcyclists are very concerned with police accountability, discrimination and profiling. 50% of motorcyclists surveyed have been unjustifiably stopped while riding their motorcycles, which translates to 5 million Americans.

Legislative demands being made by motorcycle rights organizations echo these findings. Many states are following Washington and Maryland’s lead, the only states with laws addressing the issue, pursuing legislation at the state level. There is also a national coalition of motorcycle organizations that have secured sponsorship for H. Res. 831, which calls for states to implement anti-motorcycle profiling laws. The Motorcycle Riders Foundation, in cooperation with the MPP, the National Council of Clubs, and the National Coalition of Motorcyclists are all working together to secure protection for motorcyclists at the state and federal level.

Conclusions

If politicians realized the impact motorcyclists had on elections in the U.S., then policies protecting motorcyclists would materialize more rapidly. The Center for the Study of the American Electorate says only 57.5% of eligible voters turned out to vote in 2012. The 86% voter participation among motorcyclists is far higher than the general voting population.

  1. Res. 831 provides an opportunity for elected officials to prove they embrace civil liberties for motorcyclists and potentially earn 7% of the active vote in November. This election is also an opportunity for motorcyclists to ensure that politicians hear that one of our primary demands is legislation addressing the issue of motorcycle profiling.

They work for the people. Let’s make sure they know what the people want.

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Millions Impacted by Motorcycle Profiling

By David “Double D” Devereaux

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Many motorcyclists would say profiling is an issue. Most club members would say profiling is an epidemic. Despite this belief, until now there has never been any reliable data to substantiate this reality. The ongoing National Motorcycle Profiling Survey 2016 (NMPS) is beginning to show definitive trends as participation continues to accelerate. Thousands of individuals have taken the survey nationwide and the reality of motorcycle profiling is evident. The NMPS is undeniable proof that legislative relief is needed at both the state and federal level addressing the issue of motorcycle profiling and discrimination.

The NMPS Is Statistically Representative of The Entire Motorcycling Population

The NMPS has reached a participation level of nearly 5,000 randomly selected individuals. According to Creative Research Systems, 5,000 participants results in a mere 1.4% margin of error. The means the NMPS results are over 98% reliable in terms of representing the general motorcycling population.

(Creative Research Systems calculates the sample size required for a desired confidence interval, or the confidence interval for a given survey sample size: Creative Research Systems, 2003. “Sample Size Calculator.”)

Over 5 Million Motorcyclists Have Been Profiled

According to the NMPS, 50.86% of motorcyclists say they have been unjustifiably stopped by police at least once while riding their motorcycles. 37% say they have been unjustifiably stopped more than once. Using the American Motorcycle Association’s estimate of 10,000,000 motorcyclists in America, over 5 million motorcyclists say they have been the victim of profiling at least once in the past. 3.7 million motorcyclists say they have been profiled more than once.

Over 5 Million People Profiled At Public Motorcycle Rally’s.

The NMPS says 46.71% of motorcyclists (4.6 million) have witnessed police actively gathering intelligence on motorcyclists and rally participants. 9.97% of motorcyclists (987,000) have been harassed or denied entrance to public events. The numbers mean motorcyclists have witnessed mass surveillance at public events and 987,000 motorcyclists have been harassed or denied entrance altogether.

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Profiling is a Motorcycling Issue- It’s Not Just 1%’ers Being Profiled

Only 7% of respondents are members of 1% motorcycle clubs. In fact, 43% of survey respondents have no club affiliations of any type. Yet over 50% say they have experienced profiling. This means that members of veterans clubs, Christian clubs, and even independents have been victims of unjustified stops. The perception held by some that anti-profiling measures are primarily an issue impacting outlaw motorcycle clubs is simply not validated by the data.

86% of Survey Participants Are Registered Voters

86% is a very high concentration of registered voters in such a large sample size. Victims of motorcycle profiling are extremely active in electoral politics. Legislators ought to be motivated by their voting constituents confirmation that motorcycle profiling is a widespread epidemic in America.

Survey results showing 85.81% of participants are registered voters

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Other Cops Condemn KCPD Profiling Of 1% Motorcycle Clubs

By David “Double D” Devereaux

In response to a recent story (found HERE) relating to an off duty KCPD officer discriminating against 1%’ers under the color of state law, police officers from around the country voiced disgust, embarrassment and condemnation of KCPD officer Marchant’s despicable behavior. Speaking out against law enforcement corruption is a moral obligation accepted by those that choose to protect and serve. Motorcycle profiling is an epidemic in many parts of America and this internal recognition may help explain to legislators that issues of discrimination are tangible and necessitate legislative relief.

Other LE Embarrassed By The KCPD

The following comments were posted by current and former law enforcement officers from around the country. The recurring theme repeatedly expressed is the embarrassment felt by other officers in response to seeing officer Marchant’s behavior.

  • July 17

“As a retired police officer in a major US city I have always been embarrassed by many of the actions of KCPD. After retiring, I returned to Kansas City and opened a private investigative firm. The embarrassment continued. If you question my attitude, visit one of the police stations in Kansas City, and ask them a question. You will be rebuffed and if you continue you will be threatened. By the way the same goes for St. Louis, but then they are under state control.

I’m proud of my service and so ashamed of KCPD. Please don’t get me wrong. Some of the officers do fine jobs within the constraints they are held under.”

  • July 18

“Crazy, there is no reason (in the video) for that behavior. As a cop I am embarrassed. Does not matter what the patch says. Treat people the way you want to be treated and life goes on. Save the enforcement action for a time when needed and deserved not “just because”. I sign my tickets when I mess up, that is life.”

  • July 17

“As a retired CPD Sergeant, Biker and lifelong friend of several Hell’s Angels, I find the actions of these Police Officers, lack experience and professionalism. Also bordering on embarrassing.

A possible [non-confrontational] sit down meeting of both parties, to get to know and understand each other, could result in a beneficial mutual relationship.”

Shattering Denial

This type of insight is important because it helps shatter the blue veil of secrecy and corruption. Law enforcement is supposed to stand up for what is right, ethical and legal. As previously reported, Quick Trip has terminated officer Marchant’s employment as a result of his discriminatory behavior. Although the KCPD may deem that the opinion of other bikers is biased, the perspective of other officers ought to lend insight into the correct response. The KCPD should follow suit and terminate officer Marchant’s employment based on his discriminatory, unprofessional, and morally bankrupt lack of moral character.

Finally, the Missouri state legislature should use this insight to motivate legislative relief in the form of a law addressing the issue of motorcycle profiling. Legislation provides a cost efficient and effective solution to a pervasive problem in Missouri that can no longer be denied.

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Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs Peacefully Assemble

By David “Double D” Devereaux

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Many in the mainstream media have missed the historic significance of who was standing together during the National Council of Clubs Press Conference held in Austin at Shamrock Cycles on May 17, 2016. The press event announced a National Protest Against Motorcycle Profiling and Discrimination. The story took a backseat to regurgitated sensationalism focused on Waco.

Members of clubs that some media and law enforcement have vilified were standing in unity behind the common ground issue of motorcycle profiling and discrimination. There were clubs from around the country in attendance, including representatives from the Outlaws MC, the Mongols MC, the Vagos MC, the Hells Angels MC, the Sons of Silence MC, the Devils Diciples MC, the Hessians MC, the Valiants MC, the Infidels MC, the Outsiders MC, and many clubs from Texas ranging from Christian Clubs to Veterans MC’s.

To be clear, this does not represent any kind of peace treaty or end to historical rivalries among motorcycle clubs. What the NCOC does represent is a decision by participants to stand together and project a unified voice on common ground issues that impact all motorcycle clubs and their members. Issues like the 1st Amendment, discrimination and profiling.

I suppose peaceful political protest is just not interesting enough to most mainstream media outlets, particularly events that disprove and dismantle their choice to perpetuate irresponsible sensationalism relating to motorcycle clubs.

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Statistics Prove Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs Not A Public Threat

By David “Double D” Devereaux

Graph of All Convicted Felons vs. Outlaw Motorcycle Club Members

Authorities openly target motorcycle clubs, particularly 1% clubs, selectively enforcing the law, in order to harass or investigate individuals based on the belief that they are definitionally criminals. This perspective is based on an outdated stereotype that is ignorant of statistical reality and foundational constitutional principles that have been consistently confirmed by the Supreme Court and other federal courts.

Many federal and state authorities insist that what they call “outlaw motorcycle gangs/OMG’s” are a significant organized crime threat in America, despite the statistical data that proves criminal activity involving these clubs is negligible at best. (Note: the OMG tag is universally rejected by the clubs labeled gangs by law enforcement.)

Tens of millions of dollars are spent targeting and prosecuting motorcycle clubs based on a fallacy of composition. The regurgitated actions of the few are used to create a generalized assumption about thousands of people, regardless of statistical reality. Crimes committed by individual members of motorcycle clubs are highly sensationalized and presented to be representative of the entire community. In fact, the statistical data that does exist, including the data generated by these same agencies, proves definitively that clubs labeled OMG’s represent a myopic percentage of criminal activity in this country. Indeed, data suggests that law enforcement agencies commit and sanction many more major crimes than motorcycle clubs.

The Numbers

To begin to paint an accurate picture it is necessary to know how many members of these clubs and convicted felons there are in the US. Statistics say that there are 44,000 members of clubs labeled OMG’s, 24,000,000 convicted felons, and 6,851,000 whom are currently under correctional supervision.

  • The FBI’s National Gang Intelligence Center estimates that there are 44,000 members of so-called OMG’s in the U.S. According to the NGIC, “OMGs are organizations whose members use their motorcycle clubs as conduits for criminal enterprises. Although some law enforcement agencies regard only One Percenters as OMGs, the NGIC, for the purpose of this assessment, covers all OMG criminal organizations, including OMG support and puppet clubs.”
  • According to the Princeton University study, GROWTH IN THE U.S. EX-FELON AND EX-PRISONER POPULATION, 1948 TO 2010, 20 million people in 2010 had a felony conviction. Accounting for growth rates, there were approximately 24 million people in 2014 with a felony conviction.
  • According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), 6,851,000 adults were under correctional supervision (probation, parole, jail, or prison) in 2014. (see BJS, “Correctional Populations In The United States, 2014”)

Statistical Reality- Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs Members a very small fraction of convicted felons in the US.

Although there is no statistical data tracking the number of motorcycle club members who are convicted felons, law enforcement would have you believe that all members of clubs they have labeled OMG’s are criminals.

Despite the obvious inaccuracy of this claim,- most members of clubs labeled OMG’s have no criminal record- let us assume for the sake of argument, and to demonstrate the absurdity of law enforcement assumptions, that every member of every club that authorities label a criminal gang is a convicted felon.

Even if all 44,000 members of clubs labeled OMG’s were convicted felons, the overall impact on felony convictions would be minuscule. Do the math. 44,000 members/24,000,000 convicted felons=0.00183333 or .183333%. The impact on those currently under correctional supervision would be similarly insignificant. 44,000 members/6,851,000 currently under supervision=0.00642242 or .64%. A fraction of 1% does not justify the stereotype of criminality. It’s that simple. The following Pie Chart graphically demonstrates the absurdity of focusing on motorcycle clubs as a law enforcement priority.

Actual Number of Convicted Felons Among Clubs Labeled OMG’s

Although the NGIC estimates the number of members, no data on how many members are actually convicted felons is available. On August 2, 2016 the MPP conducted a short survey with a small national sampling to generate data on the issue. The survey data is derived solely from motorcycle clubs labeled OMG’s by law enforcement. The survey asked two questions; 1- number of members in your Chapter; and 2- number of convicted felons in your Chapter.

Survey Results:

# of 1% Chapters included in Survey: 5 (States surveyed include Washington, Oregon, California, Texas, and Maryland.

Average Number of members: 15

Average number of Convicted Felons per Chapter: 3 or 20%

15/3 WA

16/4 OR

14/3 TX

14/1 MD

16/4 C.A

The survey results revealed that there was an average of 1 convicted felon in 5, or 20%. Although the above example, which counts every member of targeted clubs as convicted felons, demonstrates that clubs definitionally have a minimal crime print, 20% of members is a far more realistic projection than 100%. 20% of 44,000 = 8,800 club members that are convicted felons. 8,800 represents an almost non-existent 0.036% of the 24,000,0000 total convicted felons in the US.

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Why Are There Felons In Motorcycle Clubs?

Options in society for most felons are extremely limited in terms of employment and some basic civil liberties and often felons feel rejected and stigmatized by society. Motorcycle club culture was created by individuals that had been rejected by society after having returned home from war. Motorcycle clubs provide an opportunity for reintegration to those released from incarceration without the constraints of a judgmental mainstream.

The motorcycle club world is a classless society in terms of mainstream establishment social hierarchy. It doesn’t matter whether you’re a common laborer or an executive. When you walk into the club world, status is dictated by respect and honor and not your education or job title. Club culture provides an alternative way of life free from the condemnations of the mainstream. Everyone has to live by the same legal schematic. But not everyone has to reinforce or acknowledge mainstream social hierarchies or elitist behavior.

Note: Some crimes are definitionally despicable and individuals that have committed these crimes are not accepted, or they are ostracized, from the club community. Crimes targeting children are an example of such an offense.

Hypocrisy Defined: LE Authorizes Informants To Commit Thousands of Major Crimes Annually

For decades, law enforcement agencies have authorized informants to commit major crimes. Labeled “otherwise illegal activity”, these sanctioned major crimes are considered to be necessary for undercover informant work. But, aside from the FBI, “otherwise illegal activity” has not been quantified by other state and federal agencies.

In 1997, according to the criminal defense firm O’Brien Hatfield, PA, “It came to light when reporters revealed the FBI had authorized mobster “Whitey” Bulger to continue his criminal enterprise long after he became an FBI informant in 1975. Since that revelation, the U.S. Attorney General has required the FBI to keep reports on “otherwise illegal activity” by its “confidential human sources.”

But obtaining these reports has proven difficult over the years. At least until members of the press were able to obtain some quantifiable numbers from the FBI. The Huffington Post Reported on December 27,2013:

“In a Jan. 14, 2013, letter to Justice Department officials, obtained by The Huffington Post through a Freedom of Information Act request, FBI officials disclosed that its 56 field offices authorized informants to break the law at least 5,939 times during the 2012 calendar year. USA Today reported earlier this year that the bureau allowed its informants to break the law 5,658 times in 2011.”

O’Brien Hatfield explains that the reports “indicate the otherwise illegal activities were considered Tier I and Tier II violations. The Justice Department defines a Tier I violation as activity that would be criminal if not for the authorization of a federal prosecutor, and includes major crimes such as drug trafficking, public corruption and crimes of violence. Tier II violations aren’t necessarily less serious but can authorized by a senior FBI field manager.”

“Unfortunately, other law enforcement agencies are not required to keep such reports, although it is widely assumed that all levels of law enforcement allow informants to commit crimes during investigations”, says O’Brien Hatfield.

Annually, nearly 6,000 major crimes are being authorized by the FBI alone. Considering that all levels of law enforcement authorize criminal acts, the actual numbers would be truly staggering.

All levels of law enforcement sanction informants to commit major crimes in order to arrest and convict other individuals for committing these same crimes. This hypocrisy overwhelms the amount of criminal activity in the club community many times over.

Study Proves Police Commit More Felonies Than Outlaw Bikers

Police officers are arrested about 1,100 times a year, or roughly three officers charged every day, according to a new national study, thought to be the first-ever nationwide look at police crime, conducted by researchers at Bowling Green State University through a grant from the Justice Department’s National Institute of Justice.

The most common crimes were simple assault, aggravated assault, and significant numbers of sex crimes. About 72 percent of officers (825 annually) charged in cases with known outcomes are convicted, more than 40 percent of the crimes are committed on duty.

The number of convicted felons in clubs labeled OMG’s, as explained above, is approximately 8,800 total. The number of convicted cops over the last 11 years, according to the only data that exists, is 9,075. (825 convicted cops per year x 11 years). More cops have been convicted of felonies in the last 11 years than the total number of felons in clubs law enforcement labels OMG’s.

This is hypocrisy at the highest level. Statistically, without bias, police are more of a threat to public safety than outlaw motorcycle clubs have ever been.

Conclusions: Motorcycle Clubs Are Not A National Law Enforcement Issue.

Considered in context with data suggesting law enforcement is a larger contributor to crime, the analysis leaves no doubt that clubs targeted by law enforcement are targeted based on stereotype as opposed to statistical reality. The vastly expensive surveillance, investigations, harassment and profiling campaigns conducted by authorities are simply not justified based on the irrefutable statistical reality that motorcycle clubs mathematically have a negligible to non-existent impact on the level and magnitude of felony crime in the United States.

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Supreme Court Guts the Fourth Amendment

By David “Double D” Devereaux

Incriminating evidence found during an illegal stop should be considered fruit from the poisonous tree. The Supreme Court has long excluded incriminating evidence found as a result of an illegal stop conducted without reasonable suspicion or probable cause. Over time the court has embraced exceptions to this rule. But recently the court created an expansive exception which gives law enforcement much more authority to search persons stopped for no reason at all. In the words of Justice Sonia Sotomayor, this decision “says that your body is subject to invasion while courts excuse the violation of your rights. It implies that you are not a citizen of a democracy.” This new exception means that anyone can be stopped at any time, regardless of guilt or innocence. What can be done? State legislation is one of the only mechanisms available to provide civil liberty protection beyond limited federal minimums.

The Court’s Decision

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled on June 20th that courts need not suppress evidence of a crime obtained through an illegal stop if an outstanding warrant is discovered after the seizure.

The facts of the case: A man named Edward Strieff was seen leaving a location under surveillance for drug dealing based on a tip from an anonymous source. Narcotics detective Douglas Fackrell admitted he had no reason to believe Strieff had done anything wrong. But he still illegally stopped Streiff and detained him while radioing in to check for outstanding warrants. A warrant for a minor traffic offense came back so the detective searched Streiff and discovered a small amount of illegal drugs. The Utah Supreme Court threw out the conviction because it stemmed from an illegal stop.

But in a 5-3 decision the majority said that “officer Fackrell’s discovery of the outstanding warrant broke the connection to the unconstitutional stop.” As a result, the evidence found in the search could be used in court.

Why The Courts Decision Impacts All Americans, Including Motorcyclists

Justice Sotomayor’s dissent explains the dangerous precedent. Police will be able to stop anyone on a “whim or a hunch”. That illegal stop can then be extended to search for a minor outstanding warrant, a warrant that the police officer didn’t know existed before the illegal seizure. A warrant obtained as a direct result of an illegal stop which can then be used to conduct a search and obtain incriminating evidence. Previous to June 20th, evidence obtained in this way could not be used in court.

The impact of the court’s decision is staggering and impacts MANY Americans. Justice Sotomayor noted that state and federal databases say “there are more than 7.8 million outstanding warrants, the vast majority of which are for minor offenses. In New Orleans, a third of the 60,000 arrests in 2011 were of people with outstanding traffic or misdemeanor warrants for infractions such as unpaid tickets.”

In some communities the vast majority of people have outstanding warrants. NPR reported on June 20, 2016 that “in Ferguson, Mo., a town with a population of 21,000, 16,000 people had outstanding warrants — in one case for failure to feed the meter with enough quarters, according to the Justice Department.”

“We must not pretend that the countless people who are routinely targeted by police,” are, as the majority maintains, “isolated” cases, says Sotomayor. “They are the canaries in the coal mine” who warn us that “unlawful police stops corrode all our civil liberties. Until their voices matter too, our justice system will continue to be anything but.”

What Can Be Done To Preserve Eroding Liberties?

The answer to an expansive rights base resides in state legislatures and state constitutions. State lawmakers have the power to pass legislation that provides more protection than federal minimums as interpreted by the Supreme Court.

State laws prohibiting illegal stops and providing exclusion of illegally obtained evidence, including relief for victims, would provide protection now unavailable at the federal level. Laws prohibiting motorcycle profiling are an example of such state protections. Supporting motorcycle rights organizations and events is one of the best ways motorcyclists can have a direct impact on state legislation.

Remember, there is no democracy without participation. Silence is consent.

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